- Nominal Size link
rough sawn dimension a finished piece of material is referred to, for
example what is referred to as a 2 X 4 is actually 1 1/2" X 3 1/2".
- Ogee link
- An S shape that is made by making one cut to produce two identical pieces.
- Open-Coat link
covering 70% or less of the surface backing of sandpaper is referred to
as open-coat. This is used on softer wood or paint removal because the
chips will not clog the sandpaper as easily.
- The side of a power tool where the board exits.
- Particle Board
- A generic term for material manufactured from wood particles and bound together with glue.
- Phillips Head link
- A type of screw head requiring a driver in the shape of +.
- Pilot Bit link
- A router bit with a bearing at the end of the cutter that rides against the edge the material or a template to guide the cut.
- Pitch link
- The number of teeth on a saw blade per inch.
- The soft core in the center of a log.
- Plain Sawn
- Boards are sliced from the log with the cut tangent to the growth rings.
Also refered to as a bench plane, a tool for smoothing and flattening boards
term used to describe something that is perfectly perpendicular to the
earth relative to gravity. A plumb bob on the end of a string will give
you a line that is plumb or straight up and down.
- Plunge Router link
- A router in which the motor can slide down into the base to insert the bit in the material.
- Plywood link
- A glued wood panel usually 4' X 8' made up of thin layers of wood laid at right angles to each other.
- Pocket Hole link
hole drilled on an angle with a step bit to make a butt joint. The
larger hole is for the screw head to enter, and the smaller hole is for
- Primary Wood
is the wood that is on the main or primary surfaces of a piece of
furniture. These are the premium or money woods of the cabinet. Woods
of lesser value, that are on the sides or not seen is called Secondary
- To just protrude above the surface so it is sticking out a bit.
- Quarter Sawn
- Boards which have been cut so that the wide surfaces are aproximately 90 degrees to the anual growth rings, this type of cut reduces cupping of the boards.
- A groove in the edge or face of a board, usually a rabbet is referred to on the edge, a dado is refered to on the face.
- Rack and Pinion
system using two gears, one round, one flat to move a part, an example
would be a drill press, a round gear connected to a handle works with a
flat gear on the column to raise and lower the table.
- Radial Arm Saw link
- Circular saw that runs on an overhead track, the track mechanism swings in relation to the table to make miter cuts.
- Radial Drill Press link
drill press with the head mounted on a tube which is laterally and
vertically adjustable, this type gives greater throat clearance but is
not as solid as a conventional drill press so run out can be a problem.
- A horizontal member between chair legs or between styles or vertical members of a door frame.
- Raised Grain link
- The roughened condition of sanded wood when the hard latewood rises above the soft earlywood when moisture is applied.
- Rake link
- The angle at which the leading edge of the teeth are cut on a saw blade.
A long and flat steel tool with raised teeth for shaping wood, some rounded on one side.
- Rip Cut
- A cut which runs through the length of a board parallel to the grain.
- Robertson Head link
- A screw head requiring a driver with a square tip, also referred to as a socket head.
- Rotary Planer
- A power hand tool with rotating blades that smooths the surface of material.
- Rough Lumber
- Boards which are sawn, edged and trimmed but not run through a planer.
- Router link
a high speed motor with handles and an adjustable base with a collet
that accepts profile bits to cut dados, rabbets, or shapes.
- A form of paper where an abrasive material has been fixed to its surface.
The wood lighter coloured wood on the outside of a log, this wood is more susceptable to rot than heartwood.
- Sawhorse link
- A trestle usually used in pairs to hold wood for cutting.
- The time it takes for wood to dry. Wood air-dries and takes one year for every inch of thickness. It refers to a year, a season.
- Secondary Wood
is the material used in furniture that is not seen or on the sides or
back of an object. These are the materials that make up the drawer
sides, dust panels, backs and other hidden parts.
- Set link
- The teeth are offset on each side of the blade to allow clearance for the thickness of the blade.
- Shaper link
- A machine with an interchangable rotary cutter head to cut profile shapes on the edge or face of material.
- Resin flakes dissolved in alcohol used as a finish for wood.
- A term for an adjoining object being below the object it is next to. This means a little below the surface. See Proud and Flush.
- The tendency to gouge the trailing end of material when running it through a joiner.
- Softwood link
- Wood manufactured from trees with needles or scalelike leaves, has no reference to actual hardness of the wood.
- Spade Bit link
- These are an inexpensive bit, suitable for general use, they get their name from their shape.
A change in the texture, strength and color of wood caused by colonies of fungus growing within the dead wood.
- Spline link
- A thin strip of wood fitted between two grooves to make a joint.
- Spokeshave link
to shape curved surfaces, consists of a blade fastened between two
handles, blades come in straight, concave and convex curves.
- Square link
insturment used to lay out or test right angles, with two arms at 90
degrees to each other, the longer and wider arm is the blade, the
shorter narrower arm is the tongue.
- Stacked Dado Head link
style of dado cutter has two outside saw blades, the width of the dado
is set using a combination of chipper blades and shims between them.
- Strips placed between layers of lumber for drying.
- Story Stick
"Story Stick" or "Story Pole" is a scrap strip of wood used to record
dimensions for a project on site, then the dimensions are used in the
shop to build the project. This method reduces the chance of error due
to misreading numbers etc.
- "She Who Must Be Obeyed"
- Style or Stile
- A vertical member of a door framework attached to the horizontal rails.
- T - slot
- A slot milled in the shape of an upside down T to hold special bolts for clamps or jigs.
- Table Saw link
- A circular saw mounted under a table with height and angle adjustments for the blade.
- Tack Cloth or Tack Rag link
- A cloth permeated with a sticky substance to wipe up the dust from sanding when finishing a project.
- Taper Cut link
- A cut where the width decreases from one end to the other, these are usually done on a table saw with a jig.
- The tendency to splinter the trailing edge of material when cutting across the grain.
- A pattern to guide the marking or cutting of a shape, often a router is used with a piloted bit.
- Tenon link
- A projection made by cutting away the wood around it to insert into a mortise to make a joint.
- Thickness Planer link
- A power-fed rotary planer that trims the surface of a board to a certain thickness.
- Toggle Clamp
- Clamps which can be attached to a base or table to hold work.
- Tongue and Groove
- A joinery method where a board has a protruding tongue on one edge and a groove on the other, the tongue of one board fits into the groove of the next.
- Torx Head
- A screw head requiring a driver in the shape of a star.
- Try Square link
- A square with a steel tongue in a wooden handle.
- Turning link
An ornamental or functional part formed by rotating it on a lathe and shaping it with a chisel pointed tool.